God saved your forefathers from the people of Pharaoh, who afflicted them with the worst torment, slaughtering their newborn sons while keeping their daughters alive. That was a great trial from the Lord, but then God parted the sea for them and saved them, and drowned the people of Pharaoh while they looked on.
God spoke with Moses for forty nights. The people worshiped the calf instead of Him, becoming wrongdoers. He forgave them that they might be grateful. He gave Moses the scripture and commandments that they might be guided.
“Oh my people,” said Moses, “you have truly wronged yourselves by worshiping the calf. Repent to your Creator and kill yourselves. That would be best for all of you to do in the sight of your Creator.”
But God accepted their repentance. Truly, He is accepting of repentance, and merciful.
“Moses,” the people said, “we will never believe you until we see God outright.”
The thunderbolt struck them while they were looking on, but God revived them after they died, that they might be grateful. He shaded them with clouds and sent manna and quails down to them.
“Eat from the good things with which I have provided you,” He said.
They had not wronged Him — they were only wronging themselves.
“Enter this city,” God said, “and eat wherever you will in ease and abundance. Enter the gate bowing humbly and say, ‘Relieve us of our burdens.’ I will then forgive your sins for you, and I will increase the righteous in goodness and reward.”
Those who would wrong Him made statements other than that which He had told them to, so He sent down punishment from the sky upon them because they were defiantly disobeying.
When Moses prayed for water for his people, God told him to strike the stone with his staff, and twelve springs gushed forth from it, and every people knew of this watering place. Eat and drink from what God has provided, and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.
“Moses,” the people said, “we can not endure eating only one kind of food. Call upon your Lord to bring green herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, and onions forth for us from the earth.”
“Would you exchange what is better for what is less?” asked Moses. “Go into any settlement and you will have what you have asked.”
They returned covered in humiliation and poverty, with the anger of God upon them. This was because they repeatedly disbelieved the signs of God and unrighteously killed the prophets. It was because they disobeyed and transgressed habitually.
Jews, Christians, and Sabeans who believed in God and the Day of Judgement and were righteousness will be rewarded and live with the Lord, and they will not fear anything, nor will they grieve.
God made covenant, with the children of Israel that they would abide by the Torah and He raised the mount over them.
“Take what I have given you with determination and remember what is in it, that perhaps you may become righteous,” God said.
The people turned away after that. If not for the favor of God upon them and His mercy, they would have been lost. There were those among them who transgressed upon the sabbath.
“Be apes, despised,” God said to them.
He made this the deterrent punishment for those who were present and those who succeeded them, and a lesson to those who fear Him.
“God commands you to slaughter a cow,” said Moses to the people.
“Do you ridicule us?” they demanded.
“I seek refuge in God from being among the ignorant,” he replied.
“Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is,” they said.
“The Lord says, ‘Sacrifice a cow which that neither old nor virgin, but in between those,'” said Moses, “so do as you are commanded.”
“Call upon your Lord to show us what color she should be,” they said.
“The Lord says, ‘Sacrifice a yellow cow, brightly colored and pleasing to the eye,'” said Moses.
“Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what He wants,” they said. “All cows look alike to us. If God wills, we will be guided.”
“The Lord says, “Sacrifice a cow neither trained to plow the earth nor to irrigate the fields, one free from fault with not a spot upon her,’ said Moses.
“Now you have come with the truth,” said the people.
They slaughtered the cow, but they could hardly do it.